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History
 

Research into the field of Solvent and Acid-forming Clostridia was stimulated following the fuel crisis of the early 1970's, a logical result of the realization of the fickle nature of oil as a chemical feedstock. The acetone-butanol fermentation of Clostridium acetobutylicum, pioneered by Chaim Weizmann, stood out as an example of the industrial success of biological fermentations, and the 1980's saw a concerted effort to improve understanding of the physiology of this and related bacteria. In 1990, researchers came together for the first time at a specialist meeting organised by Nigel Minton, Palmer Rogers and David Woods. It is their legacy that this meeting spawned the "Clostridium" series of meetings.

1990 - CLOSTRIDIUM I
The first Clostridium meeting was held at the Red Lion Inn in Salisbury, England, and was hosted by Nigel Minton based at the nearby Centre for Applied Microbiology and Research at Porton Down.
Although the vast majority of contributions described work on C. acetobutylicum, with emphasis on physiology and enzymology, cloning of genes and the development of techniques for genetic manipulation, a small number of presentations focussed on other organisms including C. perfringens. At the end of the meeting, a decision was taken to hold separate meetings devoted to clostridia of biotechnological and clinical importance, to prevent the meetings from becoming too large. The biotechnological group has met every two years since, and has succeeded in maintaining an informal atmosphere which has done much to foster free exchange of information and the establishment of fruitful research collaborations.

1992 - CLOSTRIDIUM II
Blacksburg, Virginia, hosted by Jiann-Shin Chen
This was coincidentally also held in a Red Lion Inn, having been moved there following a flood at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. It was however, not possible to futher maintain this tradition. Subsequent meetings have been held in universities or research institutes.

1994 - CLOSTRIDIUM III 1996 - CLOSTRIDIUM IV
Northwestern University, hosted by Terry Papoutsakis Universtät Ulm, hosted by Peter Dürre

1998 - CLOSTRIDIUM V 2000 - CLOSTRIDIUM VI
INSA Toulouse, hosted by Philippe Soucaille University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign hosted by hans Blaschek

2002 - CLOSTRIDIUM VII 2004 - CLOSTRIDIUM VIII
Hotel Warnemünder-Hof in Rostock-Warnemünde, hosted by Hubert Bahl Edinburgh hosted by Wilf Mitchell and Martin Tangey

2006 - CLOSTRIDIUM IX 2008 - CLOSTRIDIUM X
Houston, Texas, May 18-21, 2006 hosted by George Bennett
http://www.bioc.rice.edu/~gbennett/clostridium9/
Wageningen, The Netherlands, 28th Sept - 1st Oct, hosted by Ana López Contreras and Pieternel Claassen
http://www.clostridium10.org/everyone

2010 - CLOSTRIDIUM XI 2012 - CLOSTRIDIUM XII
San Diego, California, October 3-6, 2010, hosted by Pamela Contag
http://www.clostridium11.net
Nottingham, UK, September 10-12, 2012, hosted by Nigel Minton
http://www.clostridia.net/clostridiumXII/index.html

2014 - CLOSTRIDIUM XIII
Shanghai, China, September 19-21, host by Weihong Jiang
http://clostridiumxiii.sibs.ac.cn
 

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